The Golani Brigade is the only infantry brigade in the Israel Defense Forces that has been continuously operating since the establishment of the army. The brigade is under the command of the Northern Command. It's comprised of four battalions that are stationed throughout Judea and Samaria and on each of Israel's borders.
The soldiers of the brigade wear a brown beret, symbolizing their connection to the ground. Their square-shaped badge bears their unit's symbol: an olive tree on a yellow background. The soldiers of the brigade wear black infantry boots.
The Golani Brigade has participated in the most crucial battles in the history of the country. During the War of Independence, the brigade officially entered the IDF and took part in battles in the Jordan Valley against the armies of Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Iraq. In the Sinai Campaign in 1956, the brigade captured the Rafah area and allowed passage to the armored forces. During the Six-Day War in 1967, the brigade recorded many achievements; one of the most prominent was at the battle of Tel Faher in which the Syrian outpost at the edge of the Golan Heights was conquered.
During the First Lebanon War, the brigade played a significant role in the conquest of Beaufort and in the battle for Kfar Sil, and at the end of the war were responsible for maintaining posts in the security zone. Today, the unit's recruits honor the battles of the Yom Kippur War by climbing Mount Hermon to receive the unit's badge.
During the Second Intifada, the brigade led Operation Defensive Shield. The brigade also participated in the Operation "Summer Rains" in 2006. With the outbreak of the Second Lebanon War, the brigade led the battles that took place in the town of Bint Jbeil, Lebanon.