Both the tracker and reconnaissance battalions are composed solely of Bedouin volunteering to serve in the IDF from both northern and southern Israel.
A tracker's job is to obstruct illegal breaches into Israeli territory including that of terrorists, illegal immigrants and smugglers. The skills required for tracking have been passed down generations of Bedouins, as they are essential for their everyday lives.
Leading semi-nomadic, Muslim lifestyles, the values of peace of mind, enhanced senses, and an unparalleled familiarity with the land are entrenched in their culture.
Trackers spend one strenuous, sleepless week on duty and are given one week to recuperate.
The IDF accommodates their unique needs during Ramadan as well as in general, providing them with university courses, medical services and organized rides from their remote villages.