The Markava is a series of Israeli manufactured tanks which create the backbone of the IDF's Armored Corps.

First built in 1970 after lessons learned from the Six Day War, Merkava models have became more and more advanced over time. 

The most advanced model of the Merkava is the Merkava Model IV.  This model includes air conditioning, advanced shooting capabilities and the Trophy active tank defense system.

The creator of the Markava tank was the late Maj. Gen. Israel Tal.